Ukraine imported 2.0 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas in January 2015, according to the national gas transmission system operator (TSO) Ukrtransgaz. Gas imports from Europe totalled 1.1 bcm, with 1.0 bcm coming via Slovakia and 0.1 bcm via Hungary. Imports from the Russian Federation stood at 0.9 bcm.

During the same period in 2014, Ukraine imported 2.5 bcm overall, with the entirety of this volume coming from Russia.

Ukrainian daily imports of natural gas stood at 63.1 million cubic meters (mcm) as of January 31, according to operating data. More than two thirds of this volume is entering Ukraine from the EU (42.5 mcm). Naftogaz sources gas from major European suppliers and Gazprom. Gas from the EU is currently offered at a lower price than gas from Russia, which means European imports are commercially preferable.

Slovakia became the primary gas import supply route  to Ukraine
Increased imports of natural gas from the EU have been made possible by an expansion of transmission capacity from Slovakia. The latest increase took place on January 24, when daily capacity was increased from 31 mcm to 40 mcm.
Naftogaz CEO Andriy Kobolyev commented: "In only five months we have been able to almost double import capacity from Slovakia from 8 to 15 billion cubic meters per annum thanks to constructive cooperation with Slovak TSO Eustream and the European Commission. In 2015, this route can cover nearly 60% of Ukraine’s demand for imported gas. Just a year ago such an ability to diversify our gas supplies was unthinkable. Jointly with the European Commission we are continuing our work to have a direct interconnection agreement signed between Ukrainian and Slovak TSOs for all pipelines at this interconnection point.” 

Full utilization of Slovakia-Ukraine interconnector to enable South Eastern European countries to source gas from major EU hubs

A direct and unobstructed relationship between the neighboring TSOs will enable backhaul trading at the interconnection point between Slovakia and Ukraine. It will provide Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Serbia and other SEE countries with the ability to source as much gas on the Western European market as they need via Ukraine’s gas transmission system. A direct interconnection between Slovakia and Ukraine will help SEE countries, which are currently highly dependent on Russian gas, to diversify their sources of supply and improve their ability to withstand potential supply shocks.